HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is the standard markup language used to create and structure content on the World Wide Web. It is the foundation of web pages and is essential for building and designing websites. HTML allows you to define the structure and layout of a web page by using a system of tags and elements, which are enclosed in angle brackets (< >).
Here are some key points about HTML:
- Markup Language: HTML is a markup language, not a programming language. It is used to describe the structure and presentation of content on a web page but does not contain logic or algorithms.
- Elements: HTML documents consist of a collection of elements that are represented by opening and closing tags. For example,
<h1>is an opening tag for a top-level heading, and
</h1>is the corresponding closing tag. The content between these tags becomes a top-level heading on the webpage.
- Hierarchy: HTML elements are organized hierarchically, creating a tree-like structure. The root element is
<html>, and it contains two main sections:
<head>(for meta-information, links, and scripts) and
<body>(for the visible content of the webpage).
- Attributes: Many HTML elements can have attributes that provide additional information about the element or modify its behavior. Attributes are specified within the opening tag. For example, the
<a>(anchor) element may have an
hrefattribute to define the hyperlink’s destination.
- Semantic Markup: HTML5 introduced semantic elements like
<footer>, which provide a more meaningful way to structure content, making it easier for search engines and assistive technologies to understand the page’s purpose.
- Cross-Browser Compatibility: HTML is designed to work on all modern web browsers, ensuring that web content is accessible to a wide audience.
- Responsive Design: HTML is often used in conjunction with CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) to control the presentation and layout of web pages, allowing them to adapt to different screen sizes and devices.
To learn HTML for free go to: https:\\www.w3schools.com