Git and GitHub are two closely related tools that play a crucial role in version control, collaborative software development, and the management of source code. While they are often used together, they serve distinct purposes:
- Version Control System (VCS): Git is a distributed version control system that allows developers to track changes in their codebase over time. It records the history of changes, making it possible to revert to previous versions, collaborate with others, and manage code efficiently.
- Local Repository: Git operates primarily on a developer’s local machine. It maintains a repository (a directory containing the project’s files and the entire version history) on the local system.
- Branching and Merging: Git allows developers to create branches, which are separate lines of development. This feature is valuable for isolating new features or bug fixes. Developers can merge branches back into the main codebase when they are ready.
- Commit: A commit in Git represents a snapshot of the code at a specific point in time. Developers create commits to save their changes with a descriptive message explaining what was done.
- Distributed: Git is a distributed system, meaning multiple developers can work on the same project independently and merge their changes when ready. This decentralized approach provides flexibility and redundancy.
- Web-Based Platform: GitHub is a web-based platform that hosts Git repositories. It provides a centralized location for developers to store, collaborate on, and share their Git repositories.
- Remote Repository Hosting: GitHub hosts the remote repositories of projects, making it easy for teams to collaborate regardless of their physical location. Developers can push their local changes to GitHub repositories and pull changes made by others.
- Collaboration: GitHub offers collaboration features such as issue tracking, pull requests, and code reviews. Developers can report and discuss issues, propose changes, and review code contributions from others.
- Visibility and Access Control: GitHub allows developers to set access control permissions on repositories. Repositories can be public (visible to anyone) or private (accessible only to authorized collaborators).
- Integration: GitHub integrates with a wide range of development tools and services, including continuous integration (CI) platforms, project management tools, and third-party apps.
- Social Features: GitHub is not only a development platform but also a social network for developers. Developers can follow each other, star repositories, and contribute to open-source projects.
In summary, Git is the version control system that manages code changes locally, while GitHub is a web-based platform that provides remote repository hosting, collaboration tools, and social features for developers. Together, they are widely used in the software development industry to facilitate collaboration, track code changes, and manage the development workflow for projects of all sizes.
To learn about Git and Github for free go to git-scm.com